The philosophical movement of modernism arose in the time of the Enlightenment (18th century) where the belief in universal human progress and the sovereignty of scientific reasoning became important. According to the French (postmodern) philosopher Lyotard, modernism was based on three starting-points or ‘Grands Récits’1:
• The subjection of and total control over the nature (economic rationalisation)
• The subjection of and total control over politics (political rationalisation)
• The possibility of gaining objective knowledge (scientific rationalisation)
We are now living in the postmodern era. Nietzsche was the first philosopher to predict this era. Postmodernism has emerged due to the detrimental impacts of technological developments. We see the serious consequences of environmental ravages in agriculture (soil loss due to the intensification of production methods). Still talking about the field of environmental studies, postmodernism has emerges with people like Rachel Carson. We see the exploitation of resources (nuclear Hiroshima and Nagasaki, the first energy crisis), weapons (nuclear bombs and chemical weapons development) etc.. We also see the effect of technology on health, with the Unethical Nazi doctors, the introduction of drugs with serious side effects on the health and epidemics caused by increased production rates high the agri-food industry. The era of world wars marked the end of the belief in the dogma that science is the key to universal truth to cure all ills. Postmodernism represents a philosophical current issued from the reaction to modernism following this transformation of society.
Postmodernism didn’t work, and you know why? Because it is based on the cumulative effect of accumulation, of mass accumulation. Yes, capitalism! People were talking about the end of the world. To me, the end of the world is the end of postmodernism, but of course not of all its components. The social aspect of postmodernism should remain with the emergence of another era. The social aspect should only remain in all kinds of sciences, but it should also extend to the life of each one of us; hence, the emergence of ethical norms instead of economic ones. The arrival of this paradigm shift was inevitable and today, the direction of the epistemology of science is difficult to predict. Certainly, there will be a paradigm shift, but when and what will be, will remain a mystery till now.
Certainly, there is hope. Hope is coming. It is on its way. Hope is coming with a wind of change, toward a better community in which there is no upper hand, where all living beings live equally.
We will have to work towards the end of the world of the spectacle. The spectacle is where all the relations, the needs, the needs, the dreams, the wishes are turned into profitable commodity, into obligation, into blackmail… The life turns into a spectacle of real life, and the world turns into endless desert.
As a resolution for 2013, I will stress on ‘love without fear’, especially unconditional love.
Let’s stop judging others and explore our world! Let’s embrace universal love. We are all in this together.
“There are no passengers on Spaceship Earth. We are all crew. ”
– Marshall McLuhan-